Best Small Business Venture ideas for Women


Best Bussiness Venture Ideas for Women

Affiliate Marketting

Affiliate marketing,as a venture, focuses upon the increase in traffic to the website due to the publicity provided to it by a third party. For the influx of purchases made, the site would be willing to pay handsomely.

Beauty Parlour

Beauty is a women’s best friend. To help other damsels keep htier appearances women could start their own Beauty Parlour. It is a very lucrative business for those in the know and can easily make you the “Knight in shining armour”.


For those with a knack of writing, Blogging is one of the greatest idea to work on one’s own. Taking any topic one is comfortable with, Blogging allows one to weave a web of words to polish the said topic. As there is no dearth of topics to write about, one needs only to log up to blog.

Book Keeping:

Any and all bussinesses are in dire need of someone who could keep their books in pristine and legal order. One need only have some knowledge of the technical and legal hassles to help with Book-keeping.

Boutique Store:

As long as there would exist clothes to shop, women would continue to do so. As the market for fashionable apparel is ever increasing, the venture to open a Boutique Store is filled with potential.


Having knowledge in any chosen field is adequate to open a Consulting bussiness. Individuals can sit at home and dole out advices to those in need over the Internet. One could choose one’s “Specialisation” to boot.


In today’s world education has become so “important” that parents are not afriad to try anything for their child to secure that extra mark. One could tutor children even through internet.

Content Writing

To address the demand for quality content writers, the Internet has come up with various solutions. An individual having the skill of writing could go into bussiness or initiate his own.


With the emergence of content writers, the need for copywriters has also increased. It has emerged as the centre for it all.

Fashion Designing:

The arena of fashion designing is one of creativity and aesthetic sense. One could cash in on the flow if one possesses the aforementioned sense. If one so desires one could also start a school to teach others about it.

Fitness Centre

In this fast paced life, not many get the chance to exercise. So one could plan carefully and research the recent demand and start one’s centre accordingly. It continues to be a lucrative venture and would continue to do so as long as men continue to be lazy.

Interior Designing:

A house is nothing more than bricks and cement as long as it is not imparted the aesthetic sense and feel. Interior designing has emerged as one of the most attractive and profitable ventures as each individual wants to feel proud of his home and does not leave any stone unturned to achieve it.

Day care centre:

As many families are nuclear and both hte parents work, it has become more of a concern as to the wellbeing of the child. Many parents prefer to leave the child in a day care which would ensure the safety of the child. They are ready to pay any amount for the same.

Event Planning:

Any occasion needs its own planning to become a success, and when it comes to some of our life’s most important events one is inclined to be liberal with the purse. The venture if done correctly can end up being one great party.

Wedding Planning:

Nothing screams stress better than a marriage. Though it is the most important day for the bride and the groom, it doesnt take much to ruin a perfect wedding. So those with the knac of arranging aesthetically.

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Movie Review of Suicide Squad

Suicide Squad

Suicide Squad

“It’s taken me some time, but I finally have them. The worst of the worst.” Says Amanda Waller. Suicide Squad, which has emerged as the most awaited by comic book fans, is just around the corner. With the official release date being given as August 01st, the movie has garnered much attention not only for its ensemble, but also for the way the characters have been enacted. The character of Joker had been made a cult classic by the acting of Heath Ledger, and the guts shown by Jared Leto to take on such an act and to deliver it with panache is laudable. The characters are such misfits that having the very idea to make a movie on them is commendable.

The movie introduces us to Amanda Waller, an A.R.G.U.S agent who wants to build a team of expendable individuals who are ready to die for their nations. She chooses for this task convicted felons, promising them amnesty. She wants them to undertake impossible missions, to penetrate into enemy camp and become the “Suicide Squad”.

The movie is a conglomeration of cult comic characters of the DC Universe. The character of Harley Quinn, though new to movie goers, has quite the reputation in the DC Universe. Being the chief partner-in-crime to Batman’s arch nemesis The Joker, and his girlfriend, she has garnered much attention mainly due to her near psychotic and sociopathic nature. She literally defines “Bad Ass”. With a T-Shirt screaming “Daddy’s Little Monster”, she is one tough nut whom you would not want to cross in a dark street.

Also notable is the character of Deadshot, played by Will Smith. An ex-armed forces veteran, with near perfect accuracy, Deadshot is a sniper who never misses. His motto being “I never miss”, the character of Deadshot is broody and enjoys dark humour. Though my favourite version of Deadshot is the one portrayed by Micheal Rowe in the Arrow series.

In all the movie is definitely on my to-watch list as they have the very characters whom we love to watch. The cast is top of their class and the trailer has set a new horizon in trailer making. The immortalisation of the Joker by Heath Ledger would always rank in the annals of film history but the act of Jared Leto is in itself a salute to the memory of Ledger.

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World Top Companies CEOs Salaries list


 World Top Companies CEOs Salaries list:


World Top Companies CEOs Salaries list:

Generally, in a Corporate Sector CEO (Chief Executive Officer) is the one of best position in the company after the MD (Managing Director).

Here is the salary list of top reputed Corporate sector companies’ CEO/ Top Popular Companies CEOs Salary list:


Satya Nadella profile:

Name : Satya Nadella

Company name: Microsoft

Designation: CEO

Parents: Bukkapuram Nadella Yugandhar, Prabhavati Yugandhar

Born: August 19, 1967 (age 49), Andhra Pradesh, India.

marital status: Married

Spouse: Anupama Nadella (m. 1992).

Children: Tara Nadella, Zain Nadella, Divya Nadella

Yearly income /Pay package: Rs 5,632,433,628.00

Monthly income: Rs 469,369,469.00

Weekly income: Rs 108,316,031.00

Daily income: Rs 15,431,325.00


Top Popular Companies CEOs Salary list

Indra Nooyi profile:

Chairman and CEO of Pepsi and Co

Born: Born: October 28, 1955 (age 60), Chennai,india.

Marital status: Married

Yearly income : Rs 150,331,858.00

Monthly income: Rs 12,527,655.00

Weekly income: Rs 2,890,997.00

Daily income : Rs 411,868.00

mukesh ambani

Mukhesh Ambani profile:

Chairman, Managing Director Reliance Industries

Born: April 19, 1957 (age 59), Aden, Yemen

Parents: Kokilaben Ambani, Dhirubhai Ambani

Martial status:Married

Spouse: Nita Ambani (m. 1985)

Children: Isha M. Ambani, Akash Ambani, Anant Ambani

Yearly income: Rs 150,000,000.00

Monthly income: Rs 12,500,000.00

Weekly income: Rs 2,884,615.00

Daily income : Rs 410,958.00

Mark Zuckerberg, chief executive officer of Facebook Inc.
Mark Zuckerberg, chief executive officer of Facebook Inc.

Mark Zuckerberg:

CEO, President, Co Founder Facebook

Born: May 14, 1984 (age 32), White Plains, New York, United States

Martial status:Married

Spouse: Priscilla Chan (m. 2012)

Children : Maxima Chan Zuckerberg

Yearly income: Rs 67.00

Monthly income: Rs 6.00

Weekly income: Rs 1.00

Daily income: Rs 0.00


Top Popular Companies CEOs Salary list
Bill Gates

Bill Gates:

Co Founder,Technology Advisor Microsft Corporation

Born: October 28, 1955 (age 60), Seattle, Washington, United States

Parents: William H. Gates Sr., Mary Maxwell Gates

Martial status: Married

Spouse: Melinda Gates (m. 1994)

Children : Children: Jennifer Katharine Gates, Rory John Gates, Phoebe Adele Gates.


Yearly income: Rs 768,362,831,858.00

Monthly income: Rs 64,030,235,988.00

Weekly income : Rs 14,776,208,305.00

Daily income : Rs 2,105,103,649.00



Marissa Mayer:
Marissa Mayer

Yahoo CEO

Born: May 30, 1975 (age 41), Wausau, Wisconsin, United States

Marital status: Married

Spouse: Zachary Bogue (m. 2009)

Children: Macallister Bogue, Sylvana Bogue, Marielle Bogue

Yearly income : Rs 2,806,194,690.00

Monthly income : Rs 233,849,558.00

Weekly income : Rs 53,965,283.00

Daily income : Rs 7,688,205.00


Top Popular Companies CEOs Salary list


Sundar Pichay:

CEO of Google .

Name: Sundar Pichay

Alternate Name- Pichay Sundar Rajan

Born: July 12, 1972 (age 44), Chennai ,india.

Graduation – B Tech in Metallurgy from IIT,Kharagpur

Masters -MS from Stanford University MBA from Warton School of University of Pensinvelia

Yearly income- 50 Million Dollors ( Rs 310 Crores)

Related search:

Who is the highest paid CEO in the world?

What is the average salary for a CEO?

highest paid ceo in the world 

list of top paid ceo salaries

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Feeling Weird…., Loose Belly Fat in 7 Days Only

feeling weird loose belly fat in 7 days only

feeling weird loose belly fat in 7 days only

feeling weird loose belly fat in 7 days only
feeling weird loose belly fat in 7 days only

Feeling Weird LooseBelly Fat in 7 Days Only:

Now a days there are so many changes happened in our daily life style due busy work schedule. These made effect on the changes in foody style and habits too. This effects on our belly /stomach fat sooner or later, but effect is compulsory.

If you neglect this belly fat we will face problems like become fatty and uncomfortable with our body structure at belly. cloths are also not suitable for you due to increase the fat at belly and feel likes awkward.

Don’t worry about this belly fat, here is the solution to regain your previous and better belly which makes you comfort.


Some Easy Tips for You To Reduce The Belly Fat Easily At Home:


     Regularly drink pure and mineral water which is filtered as an amount of 8 glasses or 2 litters or more than that as per your wish but 2 litters is mandatory. Because water gives hydration to body metabolism and stable the body at hydrated condition.if you are drinking more water per day it will burns the extra fat in the body and also belly fat too.


Green Tea:

Green tea is the best way to reduce the belly fat. Because it contains anti-oxidants like catchins. these are we helpful to burn the belly fat. Green tea helps to reduce the body weight without any exercises and workout.


Ginger which is available in our kitchen, it is plays a role on reduce the gas problems in the stomach. mixing the ginger with tea is much more useful and enhance our health strategy.


Fruits & Vegetables:

Control the quantity of taking fruits and raw vegetables which contain high fat .it will help to control the extra weight gaining.



Most of us take food three time per changing this number like five times per day it is useful per health .by this way metabolism will be balanced and the belly fat should be reduced gradually.

Honey & Lemon Water:

Take glass of hot water and add one tbsp (table spoon) of honey and little amount of lemon, by taking this, it will burns the excess of fat in body and also belly fat.


By following the above tips without fail, you will get faltered and healthy belly in a week .

All the best.

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is blood group defines our character

Is blood group defines our character ??


Is blood group defines our character ??
Is blood group defines our character ??


Here is the information about list blood groups and their role on human character in daily life.

Types of blood groups :

  • A+ve Blood group
  • A-ve Blood group
  • B+ve Blood group
  • B-ve Blood group
  • AB+ve Blood group
  • AB-ve Blood group
  • O+ve Blood group
  • O-ve Blood group

Is Blood Group Defines Our Character ?,to know about this topic please read the below data you will get clarity.

Character of persons based on blood group:

A+ve Blood Group
A+ve Blood Group

A+ve Blood group:   A-ve blood group people have a lot of patience and they are not wish to express their feeling with others. But these A positive blood group people have responsibility, Analytical thinking, good in manner and intelligence too.


A-ve Blood Group
A-ve Blood Group


A-ve Blood group:   These people more passionate with their work. These people work is best and perfect. This A negative people are involved in work completely complete the task easily.


B Blood Group
B Blood Group

B Blood group:B blood group people are more creative persons. Flexible in nature, maintain individuality and passionate in work. Sometimes these fellows behave like selfish and irresponsible. These people don’t care about the others opinion’s and behave like individual.

B+ve Blood Group
B+ve Blood Group

B+ve Blood group:These B+ve blood group people friendly in manner and enjoy the friends company. This is the biggest event in their life. These people individually solve their problems.


B-ve Blood Group
B-ve Blood Group

B-ve Blood group::These B-ve blood group people will face difficulties due the rules of work what they doing. These are doesn’t help to others. They will go straight forward manner towards their target.


AB Blood Group
AB Blood Group

AB Blood Group: These AB blood group people are friendly, intellectual, interest and philosophical. And also they are very selfish in feelings.


AB+ve Blood Group
AB+ve Blood Group

AB+ve Blood Group:  These AB+ Blood group people are likely to be head. They will take unexpected decisions.


AB-ve Blood Group
AB-ve Blood Group

AB-ve Blood Group: These AB-ve Blood group people work is better. They are most of time feel emotional. They will try to increase the productivity in their work.

O Blood Group
O Blood Group

O Blood Group: These O Blood group people are having positive skills like self-confidence, ambitious, leadership qualities. But these are most of time behave like   arrogant and dramatic in nature.

O+ve Blood Group
O+ve Blood Group

O+ve  Blood group:  These O+ve blood group people are leaders by nature. These people success rate is high. These O positive blood group people are much more interested in risky games like gambling, betting, etc.


O-ve Blood Group
O-ve Blood Group

O-ve Blood group: These O+ve blood group people are always get success in their work.They will work hard for their targets and goals at initiation stage but they loose their interest immorality.









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Ways to earn Money Online to get Rich

Earn money online

Ways to earn money online

How to earn Money from Internet

12 best ways to earn money online and to get rich:

  1. Freelancing:

          Writing is an art. To write an article the author must have a command over the subject and also must know the intricacies involved. But if one possesses the knack of stringing together words, one could employ oneself as a freelance writer. The advantage being that one could always choose one’s client and the topic one is going to research. Many online sites do have an opening for freelance writers/bloggers and they are ready to pay handsomely for the services rendered. Such freelancing can help the amateurs out there to have a solid idea about how to make money online.

Some freelancing websites include:




  1. Virtual Assistant:

          While on the one hand assistants help their bosses to schedule and prioritize their day, they also do other miscellaneous activities their bosses demand. So while being physically present to jot down orders from one’s boss is the preferred mode of action, one could also do the same virtually. One could do the research handed over to him, or run down errands, or draw up a schedule for the “Boss man” to work through. Essentially one could do all the work without being physically present in the chambers. If one has a great organising sense, then he could virtually whip up a schedule in no time flat.

  1. Writing:

“And by the way, everything in life is writable about if you have the outgoing guts to do it, and the imagination to improvise. The worst enemy to creativity is self-doubt.”

-Says Sylvia Plath. Writing is a journey to be undertaken with one’s heart calling to one’s soul in retrospect. So one could take up writing to supplement his income and to make money on the side.


  1. Web designing:

As the world is expanding by leaps and bounds, one’s business should be able to catch up with the trend. Therefore one has to have a website to publicise his works. Working freelance or on assignment basis, an individual can earn a lump sum amount designing websites for companies. All it requires is the technical knowhow coupled with the individual’s capability to design website. If done properly it can be projected into a huge business opportunity and can become one of the best creative ways to make money.

  1. Upload YouTube videos

There is no denying the fact that YouTube is seen by millions of individuals every hour. So it is of little surprise that uploading videos to YouTube is one of the more legit ways to make money online. One could earn anywhere in 4 to 6 figures if done correctly. So it comes at little surprise that “YouTubing”, as a phenomenon, is here to stay but also to filter out reasonably good talents.

  1. Online Seller:

Sales are one of the toughest and strenuous jobs out there. To cater to the customer’s vision is not a small deal. But with the advent of internet one can virtually view the commodity and buy accordingly. Online selling is fast gaining ground Vis a Vis the global arena and is a great way to make some extra money. One could buy up any old stuff, prune it up a bit and sell it again with huge margins of profit. The only challenge being that one needs to have a prophetic vision as to what the customer needs.

  1. Domain seller:

          In the online world domain authority plays a great role in deciding the fates of many good sites. If the domain authority is low one could invest time in it and try to bring it to the mainstream. But as is the case, many would just like to skip the titles and get on to the action sequence. One could cash in one this attitude by buying up domains at lower rates only to sell them at higher rates later in the day. This flipping should be done prudently as some sites lose their value over time and one should always strike while the iron is hot. Thus we could use the domain “flow” to get money.

  1. Stock market consultant:

Though many claim stock market to be a roller-coaster of chances, it basically is based on an algorithm of equations. So any individual having the “expertise” may launch a website helping others out there. He could launch a Consultancy to help clients through their doubts and run some ideas for them to invest in, basically replacing the stock market consultant.

  1. Online Tutoring:

In today’s world parents are open to any suggestion when it comes to the matter of their child’s studies. One could take classes over Skype or through some other means could teach the child online. It is seriously one of the best ways to earn money online.

  1. Daily planner:

Today’s world has become much complex and intricate. Many find it difficult to cope up with the changing streams of one’s life. So it would solve many a problem if someone could just plan out our day, from dawn to dusk. The job of a daily planner is precisely that. He would be asked to plan the life of his client day by day and is paid for his organising skill. It is one the best ways to make easy money.

  1. Affiliate marketing:

Affiliate marketing is a performance-based marketing which runs around the four main pillars of the market namely, the Merchant, the Network, the Affiliate, and the Customer. The job description of the Affiliate is very simple: to publicise the product of the seller and to rope in as many customers as possible. Organic search engine optimization (SEO), paid search engine marketing (PPC – Pay Per Click), e-mail marketing, content marketing and in some cases displaying advertising are some of the methods used by the Affiliates in the modern times. Its effect is greatly felt by the online retailing outfits which rely on publicity to sell its goods. Affiliated marketing can help to get easy money.

  1. Sell crafts/handmade items:

Artisanal handicraft has a huge demand in the market. One could cash in on this demand by creating and selling stuff online. In Wikipedia Handicraft is defined as “any of a wide variety of types of work where useful and decorative objects are made completely by hand or by using only simple tools.” Being a traditional main sector of craft, handicrafts can be loosely associated to a number of articles made by hand. One of the main characters of handicrafts is its elegance and aesthetic beauty coupled with the almost rustic appeal of the item. One could start an online portal which makes and sells such items and also make tutorials outlining the way it has to be made.

Selling Bitcoins, Templates making, Apps and many more ways to earn money from Internet and Online earning will be covered in next articles


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Barath Rathna Proposal for NTR


Barath Rathna Proposal for NTR

NTR – Telugu Most favorite Actor and Ex- Cheif Minister (CM) of Andhra Pradesh and Founder of Telugu Desam

Sri Nanda Muri Taraka Ramarao Born in Nimmakuru Andhra Pradesh. He acted in more than 91 Movies… Sri Natha Kavi Sourva Bhomudi is his last film as actor.before that he acted in Major Chandra Kanth a blockbuster hit.

His Sons Sri Nandamuri Hari Krishna and Bala Krishna acted in many telugu films.

NTR is the one of greatest personalities who kept telugu people pride flags high

NTR died without barath rathna. He is one of the best personalities who deserves Bharath Rathna

Bharath Rathna is highest civilian award in Andhra Pradesh.Till now This award is received by

Source : wikipedia

Year Laureates Notes
1954 C Rajagopalachari Feb 17 2011.JPG C. Rajagopalachari An Indian independence activist, statesman, and lawyer, Rajagopalachari was the only Indian and lastGovernor-General of independent India. He was Chief Minister of Madras Presidency (1937–39) and Madras State (1952–54); and founder of Indian political party Swatantra Party.[62]
Photograph of Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan presented to First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy in 1962.jpg Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan Philosopher Radhakrishnan served as India’s first Vice-President (1952–62) and second President (1962–67).[63][64] Since 1962, his birthday on 5 September is observed as “Teachers’ Day” in India.[65]
Sir CV Raman.JPG C. V. Raman Widely known for his work on the scattering of light and the discovery of the effect, better known as “Raman scattering“, Raman mainly worked in the field of atomic physics and electromagnetism and was presentedNobel Prize in Physics in 1930.[66]
1955  – Bhagwan Das Independence activist, philosopher, and educationist, Das is a co-founder of Mahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapith and worked with Madan Mohan Malaviya for the foundation of Banaras Hindu University.[67]
Visvesvaraya Statue bust at JIT.jpg M. Visvesvaraya Civil engineer, statesman, and Diwan of Mysore (1912–18), Visvesvaraya was a Knight Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire. His birthday, 15 September, is observed as “Engineer’s Day” in India.[68]
Jnehru.jpg Jawaharlal Nehru Independence activist and author, Nehru is the first and the longest-serving Prime Minister of India (1947–64).[49][69]
1957 Pandit Govind Ballabh Pant.jpg Govind Ballabh Pant Independence activist Pant was premier of United Provinces (1937–39, 1946–50) and first Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh (1950–54). He served as Union Home Minister from 1955–61.[70]
1958 Dr Dhondo Keshav Karve Cropped.png Dhondo Keshav Karve Social reformer and educator, Karve is widely known for his works related to woman education and remarriage of Hindu widows. He established the Widow Marriage Association (1883), Hindu Widows Home (1896), and started Shreemati Nathibai Damodar Thackersey Women’s University in 1916.[8][71]
1961  – Bidhan Chandra Roy A physician, political leader, philanthropist, educationist, and social worker, Roy is often considered as “Maker of Modern West Bengal”.[72] He was second Chief Minister of West Bengal (1948–62) and his birthday on 1 July is observed as National Doctors’ Day in India.[51]
 – Purushottam Das Tandon Often titled as “Rajarshi”, Tandon was an independence activist and served as speaker of the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly (1937–50). He was actively involved in a campaign to get official language status toHindi.[73]
1962 Food Minister Rajendra Prasad during a radio broadcast in Dec 1947 cropped.jpg Rajendra Prasad Independence activist, lawyer, statesman, and scholar,[74] Prasad was closely associated with Mahatma Gandhi in the non-cooperation movement for Indian independence.[75] He was later elected as the first President of India (1950–62).[63]
1963  – Zakir Husain Independence activist and education philosopher, Husain served as a Vice Chancellor of Aligarh Muslim University (1948–56) and the Governor of Bihar (1957–62).[76] Later, he was elected as second Vice-President of India (1962–67) and went on to become the third President of India (1967–69).[63][64]
 – Pandurang Vaman Kane Indologist and Sanskrit scholar,[77] Kane is best known for his five volume literary work, History of Dharmaśāstra: Ancient and Medieval Religious and Civil Law in India; the “monumental” work that extends over nearly 6,500 pages and being published from 1930 to 1962.[78]
1966 1736 Lal Bahadur Shastri cropped.jpg Lal Bahadur Shastri[i]# Known for his slogan “Jai Jawan Jai Kisan” (“Hail the Soldier, Hail the Farmer”),[79] Independence activist Shastri served as second Prime Minister of India (1964–66) and led the country during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965.[49][80]
1971 Indira2.jpg Indira Gandhi Known as the “Iron Lady of India”,[81] Gandhi was the Prime Minister of India during 1966–77 and 1980–84.[49] During the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971, her government supported Bangladesh Liberation War which led to the formation of a new country, Bangladesh.[82]
1975  – V. V. Giri While studying at the University College Dublin, Giri was involvement in the Irish Sinn Féin movement. Returning to India, he organized labour unions and brought them to take active participation in Indian freedom struggle. He was elected as the first President of All India Trade Union Congress in 1926. Post-independence, Giri held positions of Governor of Uttar Pradesh, Kerala and Mysore and various other cabinet ministries. He became the first acting President and was eventually elected as the fourth President of India (1969–74).[63][83][84]
1976 Kamarajar cropped.jpeg K. Kamaraj[ii]# Independence activist and statesman Kamaraj was a former Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu for three terms; 1954–57, 1957–62, and 1962–63.[85][86]
1980 MotherTeresa 090.jpg Mother Teresa + “Blessed Mother Teresa of Calcutta” was a catholic nun and the founder of the Missionaries of Charity. She was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for her humanitarian work in 1979 and was beatified on 19 October 2003 by Pope John Paul II.[87]
1983 Gandhi and Vinoba.jpg Vinoba Bhave[iii]# Independence activist, social reformer, and a close associate of Mahatma Gandhi, Bhave is best known for his Bhoodan movement, “Land-Gift Movement”.[88] He was given the honorific title “Acharya” (“teacher”) and was awarded the Ramon Magsaysay Award (1958) for his humanitarian work.[89]
1987 Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan.jpg Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan* Widely known as “Frontier Gandhi”, independence activist and Pashtun leader Khan was a follower ofMahatma Gandhi. He joined Khilafat Movement in 1920 and founded Khudai Khidmatgar (“Red Shirt movement”) in 1929.[90]
1988 M. G. Ramachandran.jpg M. G. Ramachandran[iv][d]# Actor turned politician Ramachandran served as Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu for three terms; 1977–80, 1980–84, 1985–87.[85]
1990 Dr. Bhim Rao Ambedkar.jpg B. R. Ambedkar[v]# Social reformer and leader of the Dalits (“Untouchables”),[92] Ambedkar was the Chief architect of the Indian Constitution and also served as the first Law Minister of India.[93] Ambedkar predominantly campaigned against the social discrimination with Dalits, the Hindu varna system.[94] He was associated with the Dalit Buddhist movement and accepted Buddhism as a religion along with his close to half a million followers on 14 October 1956.[95]
Nelson Mandela-2008 (edit).jpg Nelson Mandela* Leader of the Anti-Apartheid Movement in South Africa, Mandela was the President of South Africa (1994–99).[96] Often called as the “Gandhi of South Africa”,[97] Mandela’s African National Congress movement was influenced by Gandhian philosophy.[98] In 1993, he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.[99]
1991 Rajiv Gandhi (cropped).jpg Rajiv Gandhi[vi]# Gandhi was the ninth Prime Minister of India serving from 1984 to 1989.[49]
Sardar patel (cropped).jpg Vallabhbhai Patel[vii]# Widely known as the “Iron Man of India”,[100] Patel was an independence activist and first Deputy Prime Minister of India (1947–50). Post independence, “Sardar” (“Leader”) Patel worked with V. P. Menon towards dissolving 555 princely states into the Indian union.[101][102]
Morarji Desai (portrait).png Morarji Desai[e] Independence activist Desai was the sixth Prime Minister of India (1977–79).[49] He is the only Indian national to be awarded the Nishan-e-Pakistan, highest civilian award given by the Government of Pakistan.[104]
1992 Maulana Abul Kalam Azad.jpg Abul Kalam Azad[viii][f]# Independence activist Azad was India’s first Minister of Education and worked towards free primary education. He was widely known as “Maulana Azad” and his birthday on 11 November is observed asNational Education Day in India.[107]
J.R.D. Tata (1955).jpg J. R. D. Tata Industrialist, philanthropist, and aviation pioneer, Tata founded India’s first airline Air India. He is the founder of various institutes including Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Tata Memorial Hospital, Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Tata Motors, TCS, National Institute of Advanced Studies, and National Centre for the Performing Arts.[108]
SatyajitRay.jpg Satyajit Ray Having debuted as a director with Pather Panchali (1955),[109] film-maker Ray is credited with bringing world recognition to Indian cinema.[110] In 1984, Ray was awarded the Dadasaheb Phalke Award, India’s highest award in cinema.[111]
1997  – Gulzarilal Nanda Independence activist Nanda was two times interim Prime Minister of India (1964, 1966) and two times deputy chairman of the Planning Commission.[49][112]
 – Aruna Asaf Ali[ix]# Independence activist Ali is better known for hoisting the Indian flag in Bombay during the Quit India Movement in 1942. Post Independence, Ali was elected as Delhi’s first mayor in 1958.[113]
A. P. J. Abdul Kalam in 2008.jpg A. P. J. Abdul Kalam Aerospace and defence scientist, Kalam was involved in the development of India’s first satellite launch vehicle SLV III and was the architect of Integrated Guided Missile Development Program. He worked forIndian National Committee for Space Research, Indian Space Research Organisation, Defence Research and Development Laboratory and was appointed as the Scientific Advisor to the Defence Minister, Secretary to Department of Defence Research and Development and Director General of Defence Research and Development Organisation.[114] Later, he served as the eleventh President of India from 2002 till 2007.[63]
1998 Ms subbulakshmi 140x190.jpg M. S. Subbulakshmi Carnatic classical vocalist Subbulakshmi, often hailed as “Queen of songs”, is the first Indian musician to receive the Ramon Magsaysay award.[115]
Chidambaram Subramaniam.jpg Chidambaram Subramaniam Independence activist and former Minister of Agriculture of India (1964–66), Subramaniam is known for his contribution towards Green Revolution in India. During the late 1970s, he worked for International Rice Research Institute, Manila, and the International Maize and Wheat Research Institute, Mexico.[116]
1999  – Jayaprakash Narayan[x]# Independence activist, social reformer, and commonly referred as “Lok Nayak” (“People’s Hero”), Narayan is better known for “Total Revolution Movement” or “JP Movement” initiated during the mid-1970s to “overthrow the corrupt and exploitative Congress government”.[117]
Amartya Sen NIH.jpg Amartya Sen Winner of the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences (1998),[118] Sen has done research over several topics including social choice theory, ethics and political philosophy, welfare economics, decision theory,development economics, public health, and gender studies.[119]
Gopinath Bordoloi.jpg Gopinath Bordoloi[xi]# Independence activist Bordoloi is the first Chief Minister of Assam (1946–50).[120] His efforts and association with the then Minister of Home Affairs Vallabhbhai Patel were widely acknowledged while keeping a Assamunited with India when parts of it were to merge with East Pakistan.[121]
Ravi Shankar 2009 crop.jpg Ravi Shankar Winner of four Grammy Awards and often considered “the world’s best-known exponent of Hindustani classical music”, sitar player Shankar is known for his collaborative work with Western musicians includingYehudi Menuhin and George Harrison.[122]
2001 Lata Mangeshkar - still 29065 crop.jpg Lata Mangeshkar Widely credited as the “nightingale of India”,[123] playback singer Mangeshkar started her career in the 1940s and has sung songs in over 36 languages.[124] In 1989, Mangeshkar was awarded the Dadasaheb Phalke Award, India’s highest award in cinema.[111]
Bismillah at Concert1 (edited) 2.jpg Bismillah Khan Hindustani classical shehnai player, Khan played the instrument for more than eight decades and is credited to have bought the instrument to the centre stage of Indian music.[125]
2009 Pandit Bhimsen Joshi (cropped).jpg Bhimsen Joshi Hindustani classical vocalist, Joshi was a disciple of Kirana gharana, an Indian musical school. He is widely known for the Khyal genre of singing with a “mastery over rhythm and accurate notes”.[126][127]
2014 CNRrao2.jpg C. N. R. Rao The recipient of Honorary Doctorates from 63 Universities including Purdue, IIT Bombay, Oxford, chemist and professor Rao has worked prominently in the fields of Solid State and Materials Chemistry, Spectroscopy and Molecular Structure. He has authored around 1600 research papers and 48 books.[128]
Sachin at Castrol Golden Spanner Awards (crop).jpg Sachin Tendulkar Having debuted in 1989, Tendulkar played 664 international cricket matches in a career spanned over two decades. He holds various cricket records including the only player to have scored one hundred international centuries, the first batsman to score a double century in a One Day International and the only player to complete more than 30,000 runs in both ODI and Test cricket.[129][130]
2015 Madan Mohan Malaviya1.jpg Madan Mohan Malaviya[xii]# Scholar and educational reformer Malaviya is a founder of Akhil Bharatiya Hindu Mahasabha (1906) andBanaras Hindu University and served as the university’s vice-chancellor from 1919 till 1938. He was the President of Indian National Congress for four terms and was the Chairman of Hindustan Times from 1924 to 1946.[131]
Atal Bihari Vajpayee 2001 cropped.jpg Atal Bihari Vajpayee Parliamentarian for over four decades, Vajpayee was elected nine times to the Lok Sabha, twice to the Rajya Sabha and served as the Prime Minister of India for three terms; 1996, 1998, 1999–2004.[49] He was Minister of External Affairs during 1977–79 and was awarded as the “Best Parliamentarian” in 1994.[132]

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Setu Bharatam


Setu Bharatam

 Setu Bharatam was launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 4 March 2016 at a budget of ₹102 billion (US$1.5 billion), with an aim to make all national highways free of railway crossings by 2019

Under the project, as many as 208 rail over and under bridges (ROBs/RUBs) would be constructed at unmanned railway crossings on national highways and 1,500 dilapidated British-era bridges would be widened, rehabilitated or replaced in a phased manner at a cost of ₹208 billion (US$3.1 billion) and ₹300 billion (US$4.5 billion), respectively.[2][3]

Setu Bharatam programme aims to make all National Highways free of railway level crossings by 2019. This is being done to prevent the frequent accidents and loss of lives at level crossings. 208 Railway Over Bridges (ROB)/Railway Under Bridges (RUB) will be built at the level crossings at a cost of Rs. 20,800 crore as part of the programme.

The details of 208 Railway Over Bridges are as follows:

  • Andhra Pradesh – 33,
  • Assam – 12,
  • Bihar – 20,
  • Chhattisgarh – 5,
  • Gujarat – 8,
  • Haryana – 10,
  • Himachal Pradesh – 5,
  • Jharkhand – 11,
  • Karnataka – 17,
  • Kerala – 4,
  • Madhya Pradesh -6,
  • Maharashtra – 12,
  • Odisha – 4,
  • Punjab – 10,
  • Rajasthan – 9,
  • Tamil Nadu – 9,
  • Utarakhand – 2,
  • Uttar Pradesh – 9,
  • West Bengal – 22

The detailed Project Reports have already been received for 73 ROBs and of these 64 ROBs are expected to be sanctioned with an estimated cost of Rs. 5600 crore. More than 1500 old and worn down bridges will also be improved by replacement/widening/strengthening in a phased manner at a cost of about Rs. 30,000 crore.

The Ministry of Road Transport & Highways has also established an Indian Bridge Management System (IBMS) at the Indian Academy for Highway Engineer in Noida, U.P. The aim is to carry out conditions survey and inventorization of all bridges on National Highways in India by using Mobile Inspection Units. 11 consultancy firms have been appointed for this purpose. Inventorization of 50,000 bridges has been done. The first cycle of the survey is expected to be completed by June 2016

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Struggles of Freedom Fighters for Independence

Freedom Fighters
independence Freedom Fighters, Freedom fighters

 Freedom-fighters for Independence of India:

Many of the great freedom fighters stood up and fought against the British people for bringing Independence for India. The Britishers ruled over our Country for a long time. But many of the fighters gave their life for bringing freedom to India. They are the true for freedom fighters for India. Many of the people fought equally hard and who scarified they life for our country. All the freedom fighters want to see every citizen of India as an Independent. As citizens of this country, we should know about such great people who fought for us. Now we can see about some of the freedom fighters of India.

freedom -fighters
Great freedom fighters of India

       1. Potti Sreeramulu:

            He was a great devote of Mahatma Gandhi.  After seeing his dedication towards human purposes and the nation, Gandhiji once said: “If only I have eleven more followers like Sreeramulu, I will win freedom in a year.” Even Gandhiji was very happy about Sreeramulu on his effort for freedom fight.


      2. Alluri Seetharamaraju:

During the period of 1922–24, where tribal leaders and other sympathizers fought against the British rulers. Alluri Seetharamaraju was named to as “Man yam Veerudu” (Hero of the  Jungles) by the local people. He was born in a prosperous Kshatriya family in Andhra Pradesh,  he lots of effort for the freedom struggle. He saved tribal people in the Agency areas, who were being harassed by British officials under the Forest Act; he was really one of the greatest persons who fought for freedom.

     3. Pingali venkayya:

He was a great follower of Mahatma Gandhi and he was also known as Diamond Venkayya for his knowledge on diamond mining. He was mastery in geology, agriculture and he was also known as educationalist.  The national flag of India was designed by him, which was first modified and it was adopted by Indian National Congress and later modified again to be the national flag of India.


      4. Tippu Sulthan:

Tipu Sulthan who was known as Tiger of Mysore, he adopted this animal as symbol of his rule. He will always be remembered as one of the most powerful rulers India ever had. In early age, he was exposed to politics and military by his father and that helped him to grow into the most influential leader of the country. He was great freedom fighter who gave his life for the Independence. After the death of Tipu Sultan, the British forces took away the sword used by him. The irony is that the ring he owned reads “Ram” and Sultan hated Hindu religion. Both the leftovers of Tipu Sultan were displayed in the British Museum till 2004 after which Vijay Malaya bought the sword of Tipu Sultan sold by the British in auction.



 5. Sarojini Naidu:

Sarojini Naidu was remembered as the Nightingale of India, poet and social activist Sarojini Naidu made lot of significant contributions during the independence struggle of India. She was  the first woman to be elected as the governor of an Indian state and the Indian National Congress. She traveled across different states for giving speeches on social welfare and her poetry became the medium of sending out the message of independence. Many of the women are inspired by this great freedom fighter.

Freedom Fighters

                    There are so many others freedom fighters like Mahatma Gandhiji who was known as ‘Jathipitha’ of our country and some other famous freedom fighters like Dr. Ambedkar, Sarda Vallabhai Patel, Mangal Pandey, Jawaharlal Nehru, Dr Rajendra Prasad, and Rani Lakshmi Bai….etc. Let us make an effort to recognize our freedom fighters and remember their contributions. A few other names that we would like to add to the list include Kanak Lata Barua, Kushal Konwar, Piyali Phukan, Veerangana Jhankar Bai, Acharya N. G. Ranga, K. Kelappan, among so many others.


Search for Freedom Fighters for independence:

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Essay on Independence Day in India


Independence Day in India

Independence Day in India is the most important day for every Indian citizen as our country got freedom from the British rule. We celebrate this day every year on 15th of August from 1947. Our country is counted as the world’s largest democracy all over the world. India become an independent country on 15th of August in 1947 after sacrifices of thousands of freedom fighters (such as Mahatma Gandhi, Bhagat Singh, Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, Dr. Rajendra Prasad, Moulana Abul Kalam Azad, Sukhdev, Gopal Krishna Gokhale, Lala Lajpat Rai, Lokmanya Balgangadhar Tilak, Chandra Shekhar Azad, etc.,) who worked hard to get independence from the British rule.

Independence Day in India

Each and every Indian celebrate his/her freedom in their own way such as decorating their places of celebration, raising National Flag, march past, watching favourite movies, dancing in the streets, singing National Anthem or patriotic songs or participating in many social activities organized at public places. Independence Day is celebrated by the government of India every year when the current Prime Minister of India raises out tricolour national flag at the Red Fort in Delhi followed by Indian army parade, march past, National Anthem recitation, speech and other cultural activities.
Independence Day in India is celebrated with the National Flag salute by the 21 guns firing. Similarly Independence Day celebration takes place in every states of the country where Governor and the Chief Minister of the states become main guests. Some people get prepared in the early morning and wait for the speech of the Indian Prime Minister at TV. On 15th of August people get inspired with the history of India’s independence and do some social activities like that and watch movies based on the patriotic themes.
The great non-violence movement of the Mahatma Gandhi, Bapu, helps a lot to our freedom fighters to get freedom from the British rule after 200 long years of struggle. The hard struggle for Independence of India has worked as a huge moving force for every Indian which bind them together at one place whether they belong to different castes, classes, cultures to ritual beliefs to fight them from British rule for their rights. Even women (Aruna Asaf Ali, Vijay Laxmi Pandit, Sarojine Naidu, Kasturba Gandhi, Kamala Nehru, Annie Besant, etc.,) came out from their houses and played their great role in getting freedom.

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